be supported that address to promote the conservation,
management and sustainable use of biodiversity in eco systems
(including arid and semi-arid, coastal, marine and freshwater
ecosystems, forest and mountain ecosystems etc.) species and
genetic resources their sustainable use and equitable sharing of
benefits arising from such use. Projects will be funded that
support or promote the conservation and sustainable use and
management of biodiversity in ecosystems (including
agro-biodiversity and agro-ecological systems). The operational
programs are restricted to in situ conservation activities and
the conservation of the genetic variability of wild relatives of
domesticated species. Projects should be located in areas that
contain globally significant biodiversity.
The operational programmes to
implement BC Focal area are as below:
Operational Program 1: Arid and Semi-Arid Ecosystems Operational
focus on the conservation and sustainable use of endemic
biodiversity in dryland ecosystems including grasslands, and in
mediterranean-type ecosystems, where biodiversity is threatened
by increased pressure from more intensified land use, drought,
prevention and control of land degradation through development
of sustainable use methods for biodiversity conservation.
• demonstration of community-based approaches to the
conservation of natural habitats and ecosystems in and around
conservation areas, including protected areas.
• strategic interventions to rehabilitate degraded areas in and
around communities, e.g., restoration of native fodder
species/vegetative cover which are crucial to pastoral
• capacity-building efforts that promote the preservation and
application of traditional and indigenous knowledge and
practices relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of
Arid Ecosyste Operational Program 2: Coastal, Marine, and
Projects will concentrate
on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in
coastal, wetland, mangrove, estuarine, marine, and freshwater
Potential eligible activities:
Development of integrated management plans for communities and
localities in coastal, lacustrian, and riverine areas.
• Creation of community-based livelihood alternatives to relieve
pressure on conservation and protected areas which conserve
coastal, marine, and freshwater biodiversity.
• Creation of community-based livelihood alternatives that
rehabilitate populations of endemic species in those areas.
Operational Program 3: Forest Ecosystems
Projects will support sustainable community-based activities in
forest conservation areas, including protected areas, and those
that demonstrate and apply sustainable use methods in forestry
as part of integrated land management in agricultural and forest
landscapes, focusing primarily on tropical and temperate forest
ecosystems areas at risk.
Potential eligible activities:
Community-led (participatory research) inventories of forest
biodiversity and traditional/indigenous sustainable knowledge
and use of those resources.
• Establishment of community sustainable development projects
around protected areas.
• Creation of participatory schemes for natural resource
management by local and indigenous communities, including
techniques to conserve wild relatives of domesticated plants and
animals for the sustainable use of biodiversity.
• Provision of alternative livelihoods for local and indigenous
communities residing in buffer zones of globally significant
• Promotion of sustainable production and use of non-timber
• Development of environmentally sustainable ecotourism schemes
with local participation and management.
Operational Program 4: Mountain Ecosystems
Projects will address the conservation and sustainable use of
biodiversity in areas under increasing human pressure and
imminent threat of degradation, including the Mesoamerican,
Andean, East African, and Himalayan regions and the mountainous
regions of the Indochina peninsula, and tropical islands.
• Promotion of sustainable land use
practices on mountain slopes in order to protect habitats of
• Rehabilitation of mountain slopes as a means of promoting
local agrobiodiversity through the incorporation of
traditional/ancient terracing and water management approaches