SGP Projects on Solid Waste Management

 

(1)
Name of the NGO: Friends of Vrindavan
Contact of the NGO  Mr. Jagannath Poddar (Director). Chhota Munger Mandir Nursery. Swami Vivekanand Marg. Mathura Road, Vrindavan. Uttar Pradesh-281121. Ph. No- (O ) 0565-2442771, ( R ) 0565-2455739 , (M)-09412-279139.
E.mail edd-friends_104@sancharnet.in
Project Name: Establishing Sustainable Waste management Practices for better Institution building and livelihoods of Safai Karamcharis
Total grant allocation : USD 25558
Project Period 2005-2007
Thematic Area Climate Change
 

Project Objectives:

* Create a model for the privatized street cleaning and waste Management and recycling.
* Identify the big establishments which generated the large amount of garbage establish a common garbage collection system from all the large establishments of the town.
* Institutionalize the rag pickers employed under the project and provide them an opportunity to select alternative occupation.
* Adopt some stretches in the sanitation ward 4 &7 for the house to house waste collection and street cleaning.
 * Production of the organic manure by establishing more composting units in the town.
 * Introduce the organic farming and production of medicinal plants.
* Setting up an exhibition centre for the recycled products under the environmental education with the schools.

Project activities

* Identification of the stakeholders in the assigned and agreed area of the operation of the project.
 * Group formation of stakeholders e.g. households, shop owners, guesthouses, hotels, restaurants and temples etc. Conduction of several workshops for spreading of awareness about sanitation and cleanliness.
 * Discussions about roles and responsibilities of stakeholders regarding community participation, collection charges, timings and potential leaders. * Selection of youth for collection and segregation of waste.
 * Recycling of dry waste and vermin composting of wet waste.
* Commercial production of compost and identification of marketing linkages for that
* Campaign to influence pilgrims at two main entry points in Vrindavan

Project Impact

* The garbage collection from marriage homes ashrams temples have minimized the amount of garbage to forty percent being thrown openly in the street drain.
 * Nearly 6000 HH have benefitted by the project.
* Nearly 80% of the communities from the initial 3500 HH are making regular payments and a total collection of Rs. 35000/- is happening every month.
* The rag pickers (Vrindavan Bandhu) institutional arrangements is sustained through regular meetings, documentation, involvement of member families in skill building for handmade paper and recycled plastic bag weaving
* Presently the project is collecting 9-10 MTs from the total city waste generation of 60 MTs per day
* Production and marketing of handmade paper products and woven baskets have enhanced the livelihoods of Safai Mitra families especially those of women members as nearly Rs. 100,000 value materials were sold in last 2 years.
* Proper waste recycling at all levels , including segregation at the source in all project areas, have reduced garbage going into landfills and the Yamuna river
* The partner has leveraged a Co-financing of Rs. 26, 00,000 from a range of partners, institutions and individuals.

(2)
Name of the NGO: Dronacharya Shikshan Sansthan Contact of the NGO: Mr. R.S. Vishwakarma, Managing Director. EWS-66, Sandipani Nagar, Agar Road, Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh). Ph. No-0734-2558564. Fax-0734-2511500.(M) 9826072975
Email ID:dssujjain@yahoo.com
Project name: Establishment of Environmentally and economically Sustainable Strategies for the processing of municipal solid waste in Ujjain
Total Grant allocation:
USD 31107
Project Period: 16/05/05 to 15/05/07
Thematic Area: Climate Change

Project Objective:

* Long term institutionalized solutions to the persistent problem of waste generation, collection and its proper segregation with active involvement of the community

* Establishment of an integrated solid waste management system consisting of organic waste and dry waste management projects with the participation of the communities

Project Activities:

* Setting up of an integrated solid waste management programme in 500 (five hundred) houses and big temples in Ujjain
 * Setting up of a dry waste management system
* Creating Awareness among different stakeholders about the need to manage municipal wastes and Conducting Trainings
* Conducting Workshops, meetings, seminars etc to demonstrate how the waste management could be done at the locality level
 * Work towards developing capacities and support systems within the Municipal Corporation, NGOs and other interested agencies in Ujjain, to sustain the spread and maintenance of proper waste management.
* Involve media after the waste management systems are in place, for generating further interest in the issue among the citizens of Ujjain and to replicate the effort in other areas on a larger scale.

Project Impacts:

* The project has brought an attitudinal change in the people. They have started adopting the waste management system and do timely payment of collection of waste.
* Adequate care was taken in getting the involvement of women in the whole operation. About 70% (seventy percent) of the members of RWAs are women.
* Polythene and plastic waste is collected in the area on a weekly basis and is recycled. This also generates income for the safai-mitras.
 * NGO also conducted voluntary drives of cleaning the area. The result is that one of the dumping grounds of Mahananda area has been salvaged and now it acts as a sports ground for the youth.
 * Collection and segregation of waste from 3500 HH
* NGO has taken an initiative and has come up with a newsletter- Swachdhara to create awareness on waste management
* It has facilitated 8 RWAs and has formed 6 SHGs involving 62 Safai Mitras
* All the 6 SHGs have been linked to the bank
 * SHGs are also involved in developing decorative items from waste materials like, soft toys and wall hangings.
* Campaigns, meetings and workshops conducted in schools, colleges, institutions and for public at large.
 * Ban on polythene bags for milk and flowers in Mahakaleshwar temple, Ujjain one of the 12 Jyotirlinga.
* One vermicomposting unit established to produce compost of 1 ton per day

(3)
Name of the NGO: Food for Life Vrindavan Society
Contact of the NGO : Mr. Neeraj Siagal, General Manager,Krishna Balram Mandir, Raman Reti, District Vrindavan, Mathura,
Uttar Pradesh -281121
Ph No – (O) 05650 2540239, 2540772, (M) 9837137529. Email ID: niraj@ffvrindavan.org
Project name: Vrindavan Initiative for Sustainable & Holistic Waste Administration Systems-VISHWAS.
Total Grant allocation:
USD 19350
Project Period: 15/12/05 to 14/12/07 extended upto December 2009
Thematic Area: Climate Change

Project Objective:

* Create cleaner local environment and reduce disease and feral animal population at the same time creating a model for community driven waste management pogrammes
* Figure out how Vrindavan can maintain its economic vitality by providing the visitors a clean town and conserve natural resources while allowing all segments of society to share in the town’s economy and environmental assets.
* establish an integral management technique to manage and effectively handle the solid waste
* initiate a regular and sustainable strategy for the segregation of municipal waste at the source and setting up a plastic loom to be maintained/run by the Self Help Groups of the villages for generating alternative livelihoods
* To reduce practices of burning garbage and increase awareness and practice of recycling

Project Activities:

* Identify the waste retrievers and train them in the field of segregation and collection of solid waste and making compost of organic waste
* Formation of Residents associations in the residential colonies and mobilized to monitor proper waste disposal by the residents
* Trainings for the supervisory staff and for the sanitation workers. Rag pickers and sanitation workers to be trained on waste handling, segregation and disposal.
* Formation of 44 SHGs in 14 villages of the Mathura block to operate a plastic loom to use the segregated plastic. The plastic loom owned and maintained by the Society and the money earned is used to pay remunerations to the women working on the loom.
* Fortnightly awareness campaigns in the core project area. Street plays, seminars, open stage for discussion on the subject of solid waste management in Vrindavan
 * Institutionalize rag picking and develop local business for recycling, which will upgrade their living standards.
* The schools of the locality are involved in the awareness campaign, to set up a new vermin composting unit, properly equipped with shredder etc. , to form eco-clubs etc
 * Establishment of plastic recycling unit has to be established, so that the looms can be made out of the polythene bags.
 * Community bins are to be put in the demonstrative project area.
 * Introduce latest simple technologies on the waste management.
* Minimize the amount of the garbage to the landfill as the major portion of which will be recycled.
* Privatize the municipal sanitation services in the project area with the active financial contribution from the general community.
* Meetings with stakeholders, Municipal Board, communities. Defining roles and responsibilities at all levels and creating community payment systems in VISHWAS under SGP.
* Exposure visits to other SGP projects in Puri/Tirupati/Ujjain to learn others experiences.
* Monitoring, the recycling of the segregated waste through composting and other methods.

Project Impacts:

* Constant interaction and more than 9 workshops, meetings and discussions with various stakeholders to manage the solid waste management in Vrindavan.
* Two areas selected, covering 250 shops, 500 households, 10 ashrams and nearly 20 small and medium temples in the respective areas to enhance the waste segregation at the source. Collection of segregated waste into landfills/recycling.
* Instituted award for ‘Clean temples, ashrams and streets’ competition-.
* “City Consultation” process carried out involving stakeholders and people to sensitize them towards environmental degradation in Vrindavan and discussions held on the general policy gaps in environmental management in Vrindavan.
* This project has introduced a privatized way of sanitation services in the pilot area, to attract the attraction of the policy makers.
 * Enabled to draw sixty percent of the recurring expenses for the sanitation services provided through community contributions.
* A common vermi composting unit is set up, where the waste from the house to house collection and nearly 1-2 Mts of floral waste are recycled into pure organic manure.
 * The project has helped the widows, handicapped and destitute to generate income by basket making from the recycled plastics.
* In the vermi composting process worms help in transforming waste into high quality bio fertilizers. Thus the promotion of it has definitely started to aware the locality against the chemical fertilizer.
* A paper recycling unit is also established and the partner with the help of women groups have made 29 different products of recycled paper and have so far made sales of nearly Rs.100,000.
* Also during the project period the partner generated a co-financing of nearly Rs.5 lakhs through various sources.

(4)
 Name of the NGO: Society for Community Health Welfare and Environment Practices
Contact of the NGO: GRS Babu, Secretary. Schwep. 13-3-344 (2), Jabbar Layout. Near Head Post Office. Tirupati 517601. Andhrapradesh.
 Ph. No-0877-2223550. E.mail
edd-schwep_tpt@yahoo.co.in
Project Name: Model Ecosystem Management involving community in action ( MESMICA)
Total Grant:
USD 34674 Project Period 16/05/05 to 15/11/06
Thematic Area: Climate Change

Project Objective:

* Involvement of local community in managing local environment in a sustainable manner.
 * Make the temple city and its environment clean, to make use of biodegradable wastes for organic manure facilitating land development and to control other areas responsible for global climatic changes and instability to the fragile earth environment and facilitate the citizens to have “Safe Environmental Practices”
 * Establishing beneficiaries committees, resident welfare Associations (RWAs) for the sustainability of the project
* Engaging the poor women and rag pickers for regular livelihood opportunities so that the waste itself becomes a source of their basic existence. * Creation of market for the processed wastes like manure and utilities created.

Project Activities:

* Construction of composting pits with all facilities of water tanks, go-downs etc
* Purchase of seven tricycles to facilitate the waste collection. These tricycles will be having segregated chambers for dry and wet waste.
* Imparting training to residents and rag pickers about the importance of segregation of waste at source
* Forming Self Help Groups of the residents and of the Safai Mitras to institutionalize the process
* Imparting training to women and rag pickers for making plastic items from waste
* Liaison with all stakeholders, including the Municipal Corporation (MC) and players in the field of SWM to sensitize and draw complete uninterrupted cooperation to achieve the component of the project
* Demonstrating the programme to other agencies for its replication

Project Impact:

* The project has been able to identify the areas in the city of Tirupathi in partnership with the Municipal Corporation (MC) and the District Collector (DC).Using a more participatory approach in the program, the base line has been developed in each of the areas identified through the support of the TMC (Tirupati Municipal Corporation) and TUDA (Tirupati Urban Development Authority).
* Two areas i.e temple core area and the vegetable market area have been identified in the city of TIRUPATI and in each area the resident welfare societies (RWAs) have been formed as 7 RWAs with a total of 530 communities. In each of these RWAs the office bearers within the communities have been participatory selected as members in monitoring the programs
* 1142 households provide their waste regularly to the waste retrievers. These households are regular in paying the user charges and have thus supported the effective functioning of waste collection system.
* 12 families involved in the waste collection system and gaining a regular income of Rs.850 – Rs.1270 per family.
 * A systemic functional set up has been made with the TMC by the institution.
* Nearly 90 % of the communities have started payments for the collection of the waste from their premises. The collection charges vary from place to place and are slowing beginning to take place on monthly basis from Rs5 to Rs 20 per household/premises.
* 12 Sheds and 90 vermin composting units have been created with a total recycling facility of 4050 cft and the wet waste is recycled. Nearly 6-8 cycles are used in a year and a total of 108 MTs of waste is recycled per annum.
 * 2 BPL families have been involved in managing the compost site. Basic amenities and health facilities have been provided to them.
* An income of Rs.2000 per head gained by the communities working at the compost site.
* 2 families at the compost site benefited with biogas for cooking.
 * A vegetable farm has been established in the compost plant as a livelihood support for the communities working at the compost plant. * 15 SHGs were formed under the project .These SHGs are involved in the unit established for .plastic weaving
* Bio manure production through compost production facilitated to control the negative impacts of chemical fertiliser application.
* Nearly 2-3 MTs segregated waste is collected and further segregated at the common dumps and then a total of nearly 900 MTs waste is collected per annum and nearly 20 % is recycled.
* The MC and other related stakeholders are coming forward in sharing costs and responsibilities in the program. The NGO has been able to get a sizeable co financing of Rs 7, 10,000/- as bins, printed material and also the local vehicles plying in the areas.
 * The compost has resulted into raising nearly 6000 mango trees, 18 hectares of sugarcane, 3 hectares banana, 34 hectares of amla and 26 hectares of tamatoes and vegetables.
* The working conditions both at the common dump sites and of the rag pickers have improved vastly through the trainings and exposure visits.
* A paper recycling unit is being set up through the women groups and also a plastic recycling unit is being set up to process the segregated paper and plastic wastes.
* More innovative practices of insurance, community contributions both in sharing costs and responsibilities are being practiced.

(5)
Name of the NGO: Participatory Employment Net (PEN) India
Contact of the NGO: 19-3-1k, KCR Complex, Renigunta Road, Tirupati - 517501, Andhra Pradesh Ph. No-0877-2280720, (M) 09845316166, 09849947989 Contact Person: Mr. S.A. Rahim, Chairman
Project name: ‘Tirupati Eco City Women Action for Sustainable Sanitation and Environment Management’
Total Grant
: USD 9263
Project Period: 30/06/07 to 30/06/09
Thematic Area: Climate Change

Project Objective:

* Reduce, recycle and reuse municipal solid waste and achieve climate change mitigation, contain land degradation and reduce persistent organic pollutants in air, soil and water.
* Replicate MESMICA (Model Eco System Management Involving Community in Action) project supported by UNDP-SGP implemented at Tirupati and consolidate the achievements on a sustainable basis involving women members of Livelihood and Ecological Security Groups.(LES Group)
* Establish a systematic process for Solid Waste Management with the following components is envisaged in this project.

Project Activities:

 * Identification of the Area and Community.
 * Creation of Stakeholder Groups.
 * Meeting with Residential Groups.
* Formation of an Associations and awareness on this subject.
* Recruitment of Rag Pickers/Waste Retrievers called ‘Parishuddhatha Vahakaru’ meaning cleanliness facilitators (called Safai Mitra’s in Hindi)
* Disposal of waste into hand carts.
 * Recycling using the facility and sending the remains to kabadiwalas.
* Facilitate wet waste conversion to vermin compost and dry waste modifications into useful products through plastic weaving and handmade papermaking is in the process to augment the incomes of the rag pickers.
 * Involvement of the women rag pickers and mobilizing them into Self Help Groups. These groups will be trained and linked with formal bank credits.
* Small street plays, formation and strengthening of RWAs, involvement of colleges, schools, clean drives etc

Project Impact

* 20 waste collection routes were formed covering 250 houses in each route and the household collection has started showing small improvements * All waste collection workers got uniforms and other self protection materials (two sets) which save them from health hazards.
 * In 35% of the houses source separation has started
* Women groups have started getting plastic bags for weaving unit and have developed a mini enterprise.
 * Thrift and credit activities increased among women and have started getting finance from banks to develop small livelihood enterprises.
 * Menace due to solid waste has considerably reduced in the town.
* An informative sensitization program was organized for the public on environment.
 * Municipal Corporation provided 0.5 acres of land at Thookivakkom, 8 kms. away from the town worth Rs. 15, 00,000/- for construction of vermicompost system.
* GTZ-ASEM strengthened the project with a community based “Lean and Green Drive’ program for the whole of Tirupati with number of activities.
* Vermicompost system has started at Thoomuvakkom.
* Vermicompost system with 4 sheds and 24 pits to handle 6 tonnes of waste is completed.
* Self Help Groups of women increased to 21.
 * 10,000 dust bins @ 2/family in green and red colour (for wet and dry waste) were distributed. * 5000 tree plantations were undertaken.
* Sewerage and drainage of the town was cleaned.

(6)
Name of the NGO: Nidan Contact of the NGO: Shri Arbind Singh Executive Director Sudama Bhawan. Boring Road. Patna - 800 001, Bihar Tel : 0612-2570705, 9910306625, 09431019083 Email :
nidanpat@gmail.com

Project Name: Strengthening Municipal Bodies and Communities to implement Community managed Systems of Solid Waste and advocacy of the MSW Rules 2000 on a wider scale
Total Grant: USD 42685
Project Period: 16/09/06 to 15/02/09
Thematic Area: Climate Change

Project: Objectives:

* Facilitate and disseminate sustainable decentralized, community led systems for solid waste management (SWMgt) in a private-public partnership i.e. Municipal Corporations, housing colonies, other partners and institutions and strengthening livelihood alternatives of the rag pickers (Safai Mitras).
* Reduce landfills, and the release of methane in atmosphere.
* Enhance local, decentralized, community management of solid waste.
* Encourage the local systems to be more pro active, responsive in reducing the landfills and more re cycling of the waste into value added programs.

Project Activities:

* Create Awareness and a build a sense of commitment for a clean city among the citizen.
 * Facilitate the creation of sustainable neighbourhood kinship based groups that would initiate and manage their own garbage disposal system and also the civic services through a corpus fund.
* Enable an interface between the groups and the civic bodies and to supplement the work of the municipality.
* Demonstrate the feasibility of the campaign in two pilot areas and demonstrate the people’s willingness to pay for improved services in that area, and carry over the model to other parts of the city.
* Organize the rag pickers who work with the garbage steps to improve their working conditions and the quality of life.

Project Impacts

o The project started working with 50 households and scaled it up to 63,000 households (HHs) and mobilized them into Community Based Organisations as Resident Welfare Associations (RWAs).
o The NGO has also facilitated formation of 1107Self Help Groups and unregistered Co-operatives in the peri-urban areas with nearly 20,000 poor in 2 districts of Bihar. Credit and thrift was made accessible to the SHG members, around USD 113,000 have been disbursed as credit and USD 90,000 has been mobilized as savings in the last 3-4 years.
o The project started with 4 Safai Mitras and later through regular capacity building efforts, meetings and continued dialogues, institutionalized more than 332 local rag pickers into 11 small groups. The project promoted social security and this is the first time that the poor Safai Mitras have benefited from social security schemes. More than 20,000 people are presently insured. 10 crèches are functioning and 300 women are linked to maternity scheme within the solid waste management program. o A few have got claims against the loss of work through illness and maternity benefits for nearly USD 4432.
o The SMs collective enterprise of workers is now managed through a joint account, managed by them and facilitated by NIDAAN. The workers who had been earning USD 10 per month in early 2003 are now getting nearly USD 50.
o The community pay systems were established in 2003 with 200 HHs and had collections of nearly USD 120 per month. Presently, the NGO has reached to 63,000 HHs with a collection of nearly 15,400 USD per month. The program has been further scaled up through equal partnership of the local municipal corporation for USD 15,000 per month, by privatizing the systems in 11 wards. The PMC has agreed to support for a period of 4 years with USD 700,000.
o The garbage management systems have led to reduction of nearly 43 MTs of landfill, thus saving methane release. 3 MT of garbage per month and been recycled by composting. Although, only 15% the total waste collected by the NGO, which is nearly 29 MTs per month, is being recycled as the PMC has only given two spots for composting to the NGO. The negotiations are on to acquire more recycling space.
 o The NGO is raising nearly USD 150 per month from the sale of Vermi composting and Vermi. It is also recycling paper through the paper plant and is raising nearly USD 80 per month from the sale of paper. This effort is still in very infant stage and needs greater marketing efforts.
o The NGO has set up a retail outlet managed through the society - “ANGANAA”, for the sale of products from the SGP project. It is also retailing products manufactured and managed through the SHGs and other partner institutions in the area.
o The NGO has also procured plastic recycling machines the training and capacity building of the rag pickers is being done for operations and maintenance. The rag pickers (SMs) are nearly segregating the entire waste and are nearly earning USD 160 pm per group through sale. This money is directly getting in the rag pickers- society.
o Links have been established in creating training opportunities for the larger GTZ-SGP-MoEF ECO CITIES partners. The program en route has build many partnerships has got the support from many institutions like banks (easy credits for the SHGs and links for opening accounts), hospitals (quality medical services to the Rag pickers, staff of NIDAAN and partners), industry (providing management services and also support in terms of in kind contributions), insurance companies (need based insurance policies for the staff and safai mitras and TATA motors (subsidized credit and provisions of 9 vehicles purchased by Nidaan).

(7)
Kagad Kach Patra Kashtakari Panchyat (Association of Wastepickers)
89, new timber market, Bhawani Peth, Pune – 411042 (M.H.). Phone no(s): 020– 25676408 Fax: 020 – 25676408 Mobile: 09422318891 Email: wastematterspune@gmail.com
 Contact person: Ms. Laxmi Narayan Total Grant: USD 22556.39 Project Period: 1st May 2006- 30th April 2008 Thematic Area: Climate Change

“Enhancing environmental and social benefits from municipal solid waste management”

Project Strategy
The Goal of the project is to enhance the environmental and social benefits accruing from the municipal grand economic activity of solid waste management. It will streamline the existing primary collection system for municipal solid waste in Pune and extend it city-wide, through establishing a local policy and institutional framework and integrate through a local SWM notification and setting up appropriate institutional forms (cooperative/s), urban poor who have been traditionally dependent on recyclables in solid waste management. It will streamline management and capacity-building systems for the primary collection agents (cooperative/s) and facilitate the creation of communication mechanisms/ forums and materials for citizens/ generators/ SWM units to interact with the primary collection agents through the Pune Municipal Corporation.

Community Participation
The waste picker’s cooperative will be involved in planning and implementing the decentralized waste management model. They will contribute by segregating the waste and monitoring compost pits. Stakeholder discussions will be held about the framework for systematizing the integration of waste pickers and other urban poor in the provision of services for primary waste collection Ward/ locality wise stakeholder discussions including with elected representatives and residents’ association are planned as one of the steps towards developing the institutional framework. The Pune Municipal Corporation will also be involved in the implementation process.

Capacity -
Building Component Exposure visit of mixed groups of stakeholders, like waste-pickers, waste-picker supervisors, municipal functionaries etc will be done to different waste management initiatives in the country (Mumbai, Goa, Ujjain etc). Leveraging of expertise from field level resource persons from SGP and other similar projects in different parts of the country in the SWM sector (Goa, eco-cities, Coorg etc)

Emphasis on Sustainable Livelihoods
 Integration of waste pickers in formalized waste management system will result in improved livelihood for waste pickers. Primary waste collection will be done by waste pickers and dry waste will be sold to scrap shop/ waste industries and wet waste will be vermi-composted. Training of waste pickers, supervisors, Pune Municipal Corporation’s sanitary staff, scrap shop personals, slum youths etc will be done on waste management and vermi-composting.

Gender Focus
 The project beneficiaries are very poor self-employed women workers in the informal economy. Their integration into waste collection will protect and improve their livelihoods and enable them to earn their livelihoods with more dignity. They will become service providers instead of scavengers.

Promoting Public  Awareness of Global Environment
 The project will promote use of IEC material for awareness generation among the different stakeholders. Development of mechanisms for communication between citizens, service providers and municipal functionaries, for smooth functioning of primary waste collection will be facilitated. Development and implementation of a communication strategy for publicizing and installing the new primary waste collection system will also be done.

Policy Impact
This project is based on a close working relationship with the Pune Municipal Corporation, and is emanating out of the waste quantification and management study, as well as the preliminary recommendations of the PMC Steering Committee on SWM.

(8)
Jan Adhar Sevabhavi Sansthan
Contact of the NGO - Mr. Sanjay Digambar Kambale. Shyamkunj, Shyam Nagar, Latur-413531. Maharashtra. Ph. No:09923409153. Email ID:janadharsanstha@yahoo.co.in
Project name: Development of alternate fuel through biodegradable waste (JANA- DEEP i.e. White Coal) to ensure respectable livelihood for waste collectors of Latur city. Total grant allocation: USD 3435 Thematic Area: Climate Change

Objective:

* Goal - To provide respectable livelihood to the people, deprived of basic needs, and to develop alternate fuel so as to reduce use of fuel wood, through proper scientific disposal of waste.
* Respectable self-employment generation for waste collectors through municipal waste.
* Development of alternate fuel through scientific disposal of municipal waste.

Output:

* Employment - Will generate respectable employment for @280 waste collectors (both male & female) of Latur city. * Economics - 15 tons of briquettes will be produced per day which will fetch Rs 39,000/- per day at a rate of Rs 2,600 /-per ton

* Energy Problem - Generation of solid fuel while getting rid of solid waste. * Environment - Disposal of solid waste and creation of solid fuel will reduce the use of Trees or Fossil fuels in Industries leading to check on global warming. Will identify scientific methods of waste disposal of variety of urban waste material.

Activities:
A. Capacity Building and awareness Programs
              o Community meetings - 4
              o Block Meetings- 24
              o Competitions- 2
              o Development of publicity material – waste wisely booklet o Effective use of local media in community awareness
B. Capacity building of actual field workers

      * Basic training in behavioral attitude for waste collectors -4
      * Scientific and systematic training to evolve awareness and precautions while handling waste material – 4
      * Periodic evaluation of performance of workers in systematic disposal of waste
      * R & D in waste disposal with the help of waste collectors related to bio-waste
      * Training of group of waste collectors in briquette manufacturing on established units - 20 groups of 6 members - Total training sessions-20
      * Exposure visits to Waste Management projects – 6visits to identified sites
      * Training in handling actual sales activity for waste collectors – 2 workshop
      * Training of maintenance, trouble shooting and repairs of machinery – 2 workshop
C. Planning of whole project & periodic targets
D. Formation of Local bodies –
                 SHGS,
                  Waste based Briquette production and marketing company – under 25C act – not for profit company

E. Survey and Possession of Land
F. Legal permissions etc
G. Setting up plant
H. Trial Production, problem solving, fine tuning and Regular production

(9) The Goa Foundation
G-8, St Britto’s Apartments Feira, Alta, Mapusa 403507 Goa, India Phone: 91-0832 2256479, Fax: 91-0832-2263305 Email: goafoundation@gmail.com Website: www.goacom.org/goafoundation Contact Person: Father Claude Alvares,
Director Total
Grant: USD 27,515
Thematic Area: Climate Change
‘Establishing sustainable decentralized solid waste processing initiatives at community levels involving scrap workers in the state of Goa’

Project Strategy Goa Foundation had earlier completed a SGP project on Solid waste management successfully. Based on the results of the previous project, the current project will upscale rapidly the construction of in-house solid waste disposal schemes using environmentally friendly methods and technologies including EM and earthworms. This to be done with large scale actors including building developers, cooperative housing societies, hotels, resorts, factories and major institutions. The project will prepare and implement a non-biodegradable waste collection and disposal scheme that will deal effectively with plastic litter, through the creation of permanent arrangements for collection and disposal (recycling) of such wastes and prepare a detailed feasibility report on the setting up of two waste paper and cloth reprocessing units to make paper from materials redeemed from solid waste sites.

Community Participation Segregation of waste based on awareness will be done with community participation at various levels, i.e. residents, municipal bodies, rag pickers etc. Financial involvement of different stakeholders will be encouraged for establishment of vermicompost and sustainability of the activities. Social sustainability will be achieved as local self government bodies are directly involved along with high involvement of community – both physically and financially.

Capacity - Building Component Various training programmes and workshops on awareness and technology development will be organized with the community, the government officials and the rag pickers. The waste handlers will be trained in collection, segregation and recycling of waste. The plastic recyclers will be networked with the local bodies to lift up the collected plastic for recycling.

Emphasis on Sustainable Livelihoods The plastic will be collected from a number of areas and will be stored in the Panchayat premises. The plastic recyclers will be networked with the local bodies to lift up the collected plastic for recycling for income generation. The project also proposes to work out concrete schemes, ward-wise and village-wise, for door-to-door collection of non-biodegradable waste, and for introducing measures for handling of non-biodegradable waste, including compression of plastic and its dispatch for recycling. The Foundation has already set up non-profit company to undertake the activities.

Gender Focus As rag pickers will be involved, gender equity might be fulfilled but no special emphasis or activities are proposed.

Project Results
1. The Goa Foundation has been given the responsibility to supervise the management of solid waste at two Municipal dumpsites on behalf of the Margao Municipal Council and the Mapusa Municipal Council.
 2. Around 1500-2000 kg of waste is being processed at these sites and the municipal council is selling the manure generated.
3. The Foundation has raised a co-financing of USD 77,500, mainly from the municipal councils.
4. 200 school students, staff of 10 municipal councils, around130 households and 30-35 Panchayat members have been trained in waste management and vermi composting.
5. The Foundation is handling the waste management and segregation at the Dempo Mining site. The waste generated is being segregated and treated and the compost is being used for reclamation of the mining site.