SGP projects (Livelihood & Biodiversity)

 

Examples of few SGP projects working towards Conservation of Biodiversity while also creating visible and positive impact on the livelihood.


1. Name of the NGO: JAGRITI
Contact: Ms. Mamta Chandra
C/O Meher Chand,
P.O. Mohal Village Badha, Kullu – 175 126,
 Himachal Pradesh Ph: 09816474832
Email: mamta@jagritikullu.org
Project Title:

Scaling Up and Replication of rural energy efficiency, livelihood options to empower poor rural women in Gadsa and Pahanala Area of Kullu.

Project Objective:

To provide sustainable livelihood options to poor, rural mountain communities through biodiversity conservation.
Project also intends to build the capacities of women in the area for effective functioning and federation of Women’s saving and Credit Groups, Propagation of threatened species medicinal plants and sustainable harvesting of forest produce and Introduction of drudgery-reducing intervention and corresponding reduction in forest resource dependence.
Project activities:
· Raise medicinal plants and promote Energy plantation: conservation of threatened medicinal plants by setting up nurseries and making people aware about the sustainable use of natural resources.
· Popularizing Vermicompost so as to promote organic farming in the area.
· Marketing arrangements: To establish a system of procurement of apricots and peaches. Value addition and marketing of the local fruits and forest produce collected by women’s saving and credit groups.
· Introduction of energy saving and drudgery reducing devices namely Hammam (Water heating device)
· Social mobilisation and institution building, formation of Women’s Saving Care Groups (WSCG)
· Meetings with women PRI representatives and project staff to facilitate women’s participation in panchayats

Project Outputs:
· So far 30 WSCG’s are functioning having savings of Rs. 5 Lac per annum and links to banks for credit of another Rs. 3 lac per annum. More than 1000 women are members in these groups.
· Reduced dependence on forest for livelihood through sustainable harvest of wild peach and wild apricot. Nearly 20,000 kgs of peach Kernels are collected in a season giving nearly 400 litres of oil and an additional income of Rs. 4 lacs for SHGs.
· Plantation of wild apricot and walnut in private and common lands to enhance increased availability of seeds/kernels
· Based on market prospects, cultivation of Bulgarian rose, collection of wild rose pods(hips), promotion of traditional local grains and millets initiated amongst WSCGs
· 17 WSCGs having 60 pits engaged in production of vermicompost. So far nearly 2000 quintals of vermicompost and nearly 550 litres of vermiwash have been produced.
· 495 hamams (water heating device) distributed to women members
(b) Members contribution to the tune of Rs 43,170
(c) More efficient use of household and agricultural waste for water heating
(d) Lesser trips to forests in summer for fuelwood
(e) More time available for other household chores and leisure
(f) Less exposure to indoor pollution
(g) With the use of Hammam for approximately 13-0 days in a year a household saves 1.5 tons of fuelwood.
· Frequent visits of women members to project office, banks and local block offices has increased their self confidence and mobility
· The partners has won the SEED Awards 2008 for entrepreneurship in sustainable development
· The NGO has also established a link with the Himachal Pradesh Tourism Department through retails outlets in Shimla and Manali.
 

2. Name of the NGO –WOMEN ORGANISATION FOR SOCIO CULTURAL AWARENESS (WOSCA)
Contacts:Ms. Dharitri Rout. WOSCA
At/ Po – Mandua, Distt Keonjhar.Keonjhar-758074.
 Orissa.
Ph. No- 06766253490, (R) 06766251030.
Email ID: wosca@rediffmail.com

Project Title :

Participatory Bio-Diversity Conservation Programme in Keonjhar District, ORISSA
Project objective:
· Conserve the biodiversity, including the integrity and diversity of species and ecosystems in 29 Gram Panchayats of Keonjhar district
· Promote Sustainable use of biological resources through women SHGs, referring to the use of components of forest & agro based biological diversity without undermining the natural resource base.
· Bring equity in conservation and use among tribal community members, including equitable access to and decision-making control over biodiversity as well as equitable distribution of costs and benefits associated with conservation and sustainable use.

Project activities:
· Field assessment of SHGs who will be involved as primary stakeholders
· Community Consensus building and Environmental awareness Meeting in 50 village to create awareness among different stakeholders including SHG members
· 50 Trainings to 30 community stakeholders on different conservation measures to protect erosion of home gardens in every villages by women SHG members and restoring home gardens through kitchen gardening and species diversity in home gardens.
· Training programme to women SHG members (450 members spreading in 90 SHG groups) on sustainable harvesting of NTFPs.
· Build capacities of rural communities to address domesticated biodiversity issues
· Four Capacity building Training (2 on field and two class room) to Project personnel (including chief functionaries) for better implementation of programme , indicator setting , monitoring, and documentation .
· Encourage and facilitate traditional sustainable livelihoods of SHGs through Income Generation Program
· Formation and strengthening tenant farmers groups (TFG) and linked them with bank for non-farm activities (e.g. rice processing, traditional craft, small business, etc.) as alternative livelihoods where regaining sustainability for an existing livelihood is not possible
· Integrate locally available foods produced by SHG members into anganwadi and mid-day meals
· Formation of Biodiversity Management Committees at 4 clusters and establishment of Environment Resource and Service Center (with the help of District Periphery Development Board) will be facilitated by project staff

Project Outputs:
· 2560 individuals got benefitted from the project with increased incomes among the SHG by sustainable use of local biodiversity resources. Also SHGs members were seen disseminating conservation measures voluntarily.
· With successful completion of phase I of the project the partner got another grant from SGP for scaling up the works in additional 13 villages.
· Local forest coverage increased due to judicious use of fuel wood and use of smoke less char briquette made out of industrial waste. .
· All SHG member’s household level nutrition level increased by 10%
· Household level income increased from surplus home garden production
· 610 women from 54 SHGs started agro-based enterprise by selling products like groundnut, different local vegetables and tubers. 23 microenterprises have been initiated resulting in additional monthly incomes of Rs. 300-500/- per month.
· 500 Ha of forest regenerated and ground water level increased
· Control mechanisms on Cattle Grazing established in 15 project villages
· 234 women members of various SHGs have the access to market and they are selling the farm and non-farm based products.
· 15,463 man days have been generated through NREGA.
· Biodiversity resource mapping exercise was done with 6 gram panchayats in 26 villages.

Project Title:

Scaling up the project for ensuring sustainable livelihood of the primary collectors through conservation of Forest eco system and NTFP potential and undertaking NTFP-Agro business in Khaprakhol Block of Bolangir district
Project Objectives
· Scaling up livelihood support to the primary collectors through capacity building training on NTFP-processing and marketing
· To initiate steps in order to reduce dependency of community on forest resources through providing alternative source of livelihood.
· To carry out awareness campaign on conservation of bio-diversity with the involvement of Forest protection Groups, Panchayat representatives, women SHGs etc.
· To take steps for protecting the ecosystem through capacity building of Forest Management Groups and strengthening their federation.
· To carry out capacity Building training programme for newly-developed women SHGs and orienting them for NTFP-processing.
· To provide sustainable livelihood to the farmers through inclining them on organic farming, undertaking rice-processing units and marketing the processed agricultural products.

Project Activities:
Capacity Building and Strengthening of Institution Building Process:
1. “NTFP – processing and marketing” for the primary collectors
2. Training on Management of SHGs for women members
3. Training on Women Federation for women leaders
4. Training on Organic Farming
5. Networking among forest protecting groups for effective management of greater area of forest and its biodiversity.
6. Orientation for Panchayat representatives
Preparation of resource materials:
1. Booklet on Sustainable Extraction and Processing of NTFPs
2. Publication of Poster on sustainable extraction or harvest practices and the processing techniques of NTFPs
Action Component
1. Setting up of Modern Technology based oil Refinery for NTFP processing
2. Support to SHGs to carry out herbal plantation
3. Development of Demonstration field
4. Promotion of Marketing of Processed Herbal plants
5. Setting up Bio-gas Plant for demonstration
6. Setting up Oil-extraction machine
7. Setting up Rice-processing Unit
8. Setting up grinder for oil seed grinding

Project Output
The project area is based in forested area of Bolangir district, which has a good source of NTFPs and MFPs. Due to frequent drought and lack of water storage mechanism, the local communities are less dependent on agriculture and collection of NTFPs and MFPs are becoming their primary source of income. Due to lack of proper marketing strategy, value addition of the products, etc. the community sell the products at a very less price and more pressure is being created on the forest biodiversity for over-exploitation of many of the products. Many of the plants having medicinal values becoming rare in the region. So this particular project is developed to protect the biodiversity of the area by sensitizing and capacity building of the local community on various processes of sustainable practices of NTFP collection, processing, value addition and marketing. Also the project tries to promote the plantation of medicinal plants through the SHGs and also encouraging the others through establishing a demo farm. The project also tries to strengthen the social institution process.

Capacity Building:
· 600 women SHG members of 30 groups trained on NTFP-Agro business
· 300 women members of 20 groups trained on SHG management.
· 120 women leaders trained on women leadership
· 150 farmers trained on Organic farming.
· 60 leaders of Forest Management Groups trained on Forest Management
· 96 Panchayat Representatives trained on NTFP policy and marketing of NTFP
· 60 women leaders, farmers and leaders of FMGs sent on exposure visit.

Alternate Source of livelihood generation:
· One mechanized oil-refinery set up in the project area.
· Two Rice-processing unit set up
· Financial assistance to 15 SHGs for herbal plantation.
· One demonstration filed developed with conservation of all important species.
· Promotion of lemon grass in 50 Acer. individual land and market linkage for the same
· 10 Oil-expeller machine set up
Energy Conservation:
· 10 Bio-gas set up on experimental basis.
· One grinder set up for oil seed grinding
Resource material developed:
· Publication of two booklet on NTFP processing and marketing
· 5 type different poster publication on NTFP, Agri business and on conservation


Project Objective/s:
· Conservation of the fresh water biodiversity for sustainable management of the water resources by empowerment of water body dependant Dhiwar and other communities.
· Livelihood security for water body dependent communities (100 families).
 

Project activities
Capacity Building and Strengthening of Institution Building Process:
· “NTFP – processing and marketing” for the primary collectors
· Training on Management of SHGs for women members
· Training on Women Federation for women leaders
· Training on Organic Farming
· Networking among forest protecting groups for effective management of greater area of forest and its biodiversity.
· Orientation for Panchayat representatives

Preparation of resource materials:
· Booklet on Sustainable Extraction and Processing of NTFPs
· Publication of Poster on sustainable extraction or harvest practices and the processing techniques of NTFPs
Action Component
· Setting up of Modern Technology based oil Refinery for NTFP processing
· Support to SHGs to carry out herbal plantation
· Development of Demonstration field
· Promotion of Marketing of Processed Herbal plants
· Setting up Bio-gas Plant for demonstration
· Setting up Oil-extraction machine
· Setting up Rice-processing Unit
· Setting up grinder for oil seed grinding
Project Output:
Conservation of 14 indigenous fish species in 5 water bodies
· Formation and strengthening of 2 SHGs (Three are formed)
· Desiltation in 4 tanks and repair of gate in 1 selected tank.
· Preparation of tank bed in five selected tanks and plantation of aquatic plants
· Introducing local fish species in five tanks.
· Setting up tank protection mechanism
· Setting up benefit sharing mechanism
Fish production improvement from 40 kg per acre to 1000 kg in 5 water bodies.
· Taking tanks on lease
· Food supply to the introduced fish species till habitat development
· Protection of tank
· Providing financial assistance for fishing to 5 SHGs
80% rise in the income from lotus roots and gum for 70 families.
· Formation and strengthening of 3 SHGs
· Evolving sustainable harvesting method for lotus roots extraction
· Setting up transport mechanism for lotus roots
· Evolving scientific gum harvesting method
· Setting up benefit sharing mechanism
· Exposure visit to work area where similar activities are successfully going on.
· Providing financial assistance for lotus roots marketing to 3 SHGs
· Providing financial assistance for Gum marketing to 3 SHGs
Indirect strengthening of livelihood activities and resource development in four villages.
· Two workshops on NREGA/ MREGA for exploring the use of these schemes to undertake resource development activities.
· Four follow up meetings of the workshops.
· Two workshops with forest, tribal welfare and bank officials for getting access to their schemes of social welfare.
· Four follow up meetings of workshops.
· Support group meetings participation for experience sharing and getting support on common issues.
· Five compost manure pits construction as demonstration in four villages
· Setting up mechanism for control on forest fire.

Project Title: Food Sovereignty through Women Leadership and Secure Agro Bio Diversity with establishment of self sustainability market based Farmers’ Cooperative Dealing with Indigenous Seeds and Organic Food Grain Certification and Marketing

Project Objectives:
· Developing Farmers Company dealing with indigenous seed & organic food grain certification & marketing.
· Develop self sustaining indigenous seed-bank with backward linkage of seed production and forward linkage through marketing
· Spreading Indigenous seed bank development in different parts of Maharashtra
· Intensification and expansion of sustainable agriculture practices

Project activities:
· Development of self sustainable farmer's professional body with establishing company under section 25 of Company Registration Act.
· Linkages With Women’s SHG federation & Cooperative
· Women Leadership Development and capacity building
· Capacity Building of Company Directors and Seed Bank leaders.
· Organic food grain & pulses production.
· Nutritional value analysis and nutritional product development
· Certification of organic farm products of 1000 ha. Cultivated land of 1500 farmers.
· Market exploration through Grain Mahotsava.
· Building the customer network
· Development of Farmer's Diary and Traditional Seed Production Manual
· Linkages with M.Fule Agriculture University & Agri. Dept. of State & Central Govt.
· Linkages with corporate institutions like ITC
· On farm indigenous seed production (12)
· In-situ indigenous seed production (rare)
· Seed Testing – Germination, moisture, purity, vigour, health etc
· Protection and Storage
· Branding
· Indigenous Seed Festivals
· Strengthening Seed Exchange process through Seed Bank
· Market exploration and costumer's networking with the help of Farmer’s Company
· Build linkages with Maharashtra Gene Bank, Maharashtra NTFP forum, Uttar Maharashtra Lokvikas Manch, Maharashtra Organic Farming Federation & BAIF Mitra

Project output
· Formation of 10 Farmers Collective named as Krushakpanchayat in 10 villages.
· 282 Farmers becomes member of the Krushakpanchayat
· 1500 farmers from the project villages and adjoining villages motivated to practice organic farming
· Experimental Demonstration of organic manure, bio pest control and indigenous seed on 52 farmer's field (21 women farmers)
· Revived traditional mix crop system of 'Irwad' & 'Malive'.
· 523 farmers trained to produce organic manure where 129 farmers have started production.
· 124 verities of seed collected in 60 villages.
· 163 farmers participated in seed exchange program
· More than 500 kg. Seed stored in seed bank at Lokpanchayat.
· 5 rare and annihilate varieties of seed conserved.

Project Objective: The main objective of the project is to conserve and develop local bio-diversity around the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve area. Check the exploitation of the RET species and the tourist trekking routes through people’s active participation and employment generation at the local level.

Project Activities:

1. Establishment of a Bio Tourism Park (BTP): Two bio tourism parks established with communities’ participation in the project area where eco tourism, adventure tourism and pilgrimage based activities promoted. Sustainable rural eco tours to promote income generation using local resources. Indigenous culture/cuisines/traditional knowledge to be linked with tourism, local handicrafts and lesser known treks & destination around Bio Tourism Park will be promoted.

2. Awareness generation and community participation: The BTP is used to sensitize the local community and the tourists on climate change & Bio-diversity conservation. Community will be mobilized on issues of cleaner environment, waste management in trekking routes and ownership in mountain tourism activities. Nearly 11 colleges have been linked and the NGO has facilitation of 23 Self help Groups of women, these have been formed first time and they have made savings of nearly 3600 USD and have accessed loans from the banks for nearly another 1100 USD. The repayments are very regular and the exploitation on the biodiversity has also been checked through local peer pressures.
3. Establishment of mother herbal garden: Two mother herbal gardens established in the area for conservation, cultivation and income generation through rare and endangered flora & fauna of the area. The mother herbal gardens also help to preserve the genetic bio-diversity. New mountain friendly & economically viable plant species will also be introduced. The community manages the nurseries. Nearly 3500 plantations activities taken up in the areas.

4. Alternate Income Generation activities: 23 Women’s groups formed in the surrounding villages and thrift and credit activities promoted. The groups linked with the banks and activities like bamboo based handicrafts, bio-dynamic composting and weaving. The World Bank has adjudged the NGO and awarded the prize of USD 20,000. The funds are being used to create and further the income generation and links to the markets. The Ngo has also got another grant for 19,000 USD from the local Tata resources for the watershed works in the region and promoting the lessons of conservation.
Project Output:
· 23 SHGs of rural tribal women formed.
· 15 unemployed youth trained and given gainful employment in Bio-Tourism Park (BTP)
· 30 craftsperson trained in bamboo craft and selling products through outlet in BTP and nearly a sale of 1100 USD undertaken
· 50 women and youth trained and gainfully employed in nursery raising and Poly House
· Around USD 1,500 of profit generated through the BTP.
· Nearly 450 students have already visited the NGO and the regular tours have started, nearly USD 2500 gained as remuneration/income by the locals. Also the Locals have created an Eco Tourism committee and the land has been donated to develop the sites and the norms for benefit access and sharing has been fixed
· Around USD 99,000 raised as co-financing from community, private sector and the central and state government
· Waste Management and environmental awareness of communities and tourists in the Bio Tourism Park (BTP)
· Ex-situ and in-situ conservation of 10 rare medicinal plants done in the Medicinal and Herbal Garden
· Use of bio-dynamic compost introduced in 17 families
· More than 3400 trees planted along the slopes to increase green cover and reduce land slides
· More than 200 trees planted in nearby forests and more than 340 local fruit, fodder, medicinal, ornamental plants and bamboo planted inside the BTP.
· The NGO has used the promotion of small baskets made from bamboo to replace the plastics bags which were being used by the locals for the Prasadam in the Hindu Gods holy/religious places. This has infact been supported through the local govts support. The NGO has also linked to the Forest deptts. A grant of nearly 1345 USD has been extended to the locals.

Project Objective
· Promote multispecies cropping with medicinally important tree species to derive both productive and protective benefits
· Encourage the adoption of intensive integrated agriculture to generate multiple sources of food, income and employment
· Establish community nurseries for coconut and miscellaneous medicinally important tree species and herbaceous plants
· Organize trainings and seminars to share results and create capacities
· Establish eco friendly processing plant for producing coir fibre from coconut husk and establish coir pith composting unit
· Establish manufacturing unit for producing coir geo textiles, mats and matting and other value-added coir products
· Facilitate improved spinning wheels to the socially and economically deprived women workers engaged in coir spinning
· Promote production units under the aegis of women’s self-help-
· Groups and other local level institutions
· Establish biomass fired dryers for copra/spices/fish drying

Project Activities:
Multispecies Cropping for Productive and Protective Benefits: Medicinally important 15 different tree species and more than 29,000 trees with support from the agricultural department are planted in nearly 9200 homesteads over a 190 Hacs to render economic benefits to the farmers and to bestow environmental benefits to the local community. 05 SHGs raised/maintained 21,000 seedlings of 10 species of medicinal trees
Intensive Integrated Farming for Productive Benefits: Coconut-based intensive integrated farming involving the cultivation of diverse crops, both food and non-food, with or without livestock components has been promoted in 212 farmer’s holdings to generate multiple sources of food, income and employment.
Processing of Coconut Husk for Employment Generation: These facilities have been developed through a society ‘Vayalar Fibre Mills’ with 270 Households (HHs). This is to ensure the local availability of coconut fibre instead of depending for the same to outside supply sources. Nearly 26,000 HHs are involved in uninterrupted supply of 20,000 dried coconuts @ Rs 0.35 paisa per piece per day for de husking in the unit and 20 women and 2 men are directly getting employed. The average daily output of coir fibre from Vayalar Fibre Mills is around 1,200 kg. This is sufficient raw material for 40 household coir yarn spinning units The Unit at an average works for 270 days in a year. Coir pith compost of nearly 200 Kgs is produced per day and which neatly packed and marketed on a commercial scale under the aegis of women’s self-help-group. In the last 6 months coir pith for a value of Rs 60,000 has already been sold increasing the soil fertility.
Empowering Women in the Coir Spinning Sector: Nearly 275 HHs, mostly women (in each HHs three persons are benefitting from the work) have been engaged in coir spinning with the support from Coir Board and Coconut Board. Women now use improved spinning wheels instead of the manually operated wheels, reducing drudgery and having better efficiency. Women have nearly doubled their incomes and now have increased time for their household works. 14 women’s SHGs and two men’s SHGs promoted for producing paper carry bags, coir pith compost and coir yarn; tailoring and dispensing nurseries of medicinal plants, dairying and farming.
Trainings and Seminars: More than 600 meetings, trainings, seminars and conventions have been organized in organic agriculture, paper carry bag making, coir pith composting, soap and detergents production, food processing, palm climbing using mechanical device etc. This process is enabling another 250 HHs.
Project Output:
· Plantations are creating a new wave of conservation practices both within Agricultural Deptt and communities.
· Increased incomes, through a range of activities for more than 30 % HHs in the project area ie. 1100 HHs.
· Active partnerships with the local Panchyats, Coir board and Coconut board, agricultural department and related rural Development
· The Coir pith processing is preventing the release of H2S gas into the atmosphere. It is also leading to increase soil fertility in 350 Ha through the use from the sales in the 8 panchyats.
· Two 10-year endowments (total deposit of Rs.1.65 lakhs by the project holder) were instituted for the benefit of poor farmers, coir workers and students hailing from socially and economically poor families from within the GEF project area.

Project Objective:
· Conservation and Restoration of 350 ha of Forest Land
· Promotion and establishment of NTFP based livelihood activities

Project Activities:

a.1 Protection to 250 ha of Semi Evergreen and moist deciduous forest

· Form Joint forest Management Committees at village level.
· Baseline survey of the existing forest with help of colleges
· Exposure visits of the identified volunteers to other villages where forest
· conservation is done successfully 12 people per visit, 2 visits – Baripada, District Dhule and Mendha Lekha, District Gadchiroli.
· Training of volunteers in organization of JFM committees, developing herbarium of the forest, digital documentation, etc.
· Consultation with village elders, panchayat members, members of various co-operative societies, youth groups, women groups etc. to evolve plan of forest conservation.
· Approval of forest conservation plan by respective panchayats.
· Implementation of the plan
· Liaison with other departments like Forest, Horticulture, DRDA etc. for approval and support to the plan.

a.2 Restoration of 100 ha of forest land by using local species of plants Collection
and conservation of seeds of local species of NTFP for further propagation through
nursery.

· Resource mapping of the forest with base line survey using indicator species, present status of NTFP, etc.
· Establishment of 2 nurseries of RET species, Bamboo & NTFP species providing 30-40,000 saplings with help of Abasaheb Garware College Biodiversity Department - Nothapodytes nimmoniana, Dysoxylum binectariferum, Saraca asoca, Zanthoxylum rhetsa, Costus speciosus, Embelia tsjriam-cottam
Plantation of these saplings on 100 ha land including individuals farm, forest and village grazing lands.

b.1 One unit of NTFP processing and 1 Unit of Bamboo craft by SHGs (Target NTFP –Karonda, Jamun and Bamboo)

· Training of 125 individuals from various SHGs in processing and value addition using “AGOM” (Private Research agency) technique.
· Training of 100 individuals in Bamboo craft and bamboo cultivation.
· Exposure visits to successful ongoing units in NTFP processing, bamboo craft and bamboo cultivation – Sampurna Bamboo Kendra Melghat, Bamboo Studio, IIT Mumbai, KONBAC, Kudal, Dist-Sindhudurga and KFRI , Kerala – 10 people per visit, 4 visits
· Setting up Juice unit of 500 lts/day processing of Karonda and Jambhul at village ‘Asalaj’ Processing unit contains Mixing vessel, Juice Extractor, Boiler, Dry grinder, Product washer etc.
· Set up a bamboo craft unit at Sangashi village of 10 artisans partially supported by National Bamboo Mission. It is a home based unit having basic toolkit developed by IIT Pawai.

b.2 Formation of co-operative to make this model working.
· Organising local community for co-operative.
· Revival of non-functioning SHGs of the area. In total 32 SHGs will be linked with this program.
· Cooperative will be formed with individual membership to undertake activities of production and marketing.
· Training of SHGs, Farmers in formation and running of co-operative. Linkage of SHGs with co-operative. Setting up procedures of running of cooperative to undertake this activity.

Project Output:
· Protection to 250 ha of Semi Evergreen and moist deciduous forest
· Restoration of 100 ha of forest land by using local species of plants
· Establishment of four units of NTFP processing and 1 Unit of Bamboo craft by SHGs (Target NTFP –Karonda, Jamun and Bamboo)
· Formation of co-operative to make this model working.
· Established market linkages of
· Dissemination of this technique wherever possible.
9. Name of the NGO : DHRIITI
Contacts: (Head Office) Mr. Arindam Dasgupta,Dhriiti
A-17, Second Floor, Dayanand Colony,Lajpat Nagar-IV. New Delhi-24.
 (Branch Office): Ward 19, B.B Road,Metuakuchi, Barpeta -781301.
 Assam.Ph. No: 03665-236044. (M) 09435321349.
Email ID: arindam.dasgupta@dhriiti.org
Project Title: Promote Conservation practices in forest areas through Bamboo Workers Cooperative Development
Project Objective:
· Economic upliftment of bamboo artisans of Barpeta district of Assam.
· Providing alternative sources of livelihood to communities residing near Manas Tiger Reserve, which in turn will help in protecting Manas?
· Generating sustainable livelihood for atleast 500 backward families.
· Replacing timber based products with more eco-friendly bamboo based products in the market.

Project Activities:
· Conduct a baseline study to get a better understanding of the community. Along with this a technical research and market study to be conducted to identify products to be manufactured and sold
· Artisans to be organized in two communities. Registration and other legal formalities to be completed for the collective.
· Upgrade the skills of artisans to match market demands and to ensure product quality
· Setting up of a common manufacturing facility
· Promotion of bamboo plantation within artisan
· Commercial production and marketing of products and increase no. of artisans involved.
· Enhancing the economies of scale and scope by exploring other bamboo based products and value addition

Project Outputs:
· Reduction in deforestation due to availability of bamboo substitutes of wood based products (eg. Bamboo ply, bamboo charcoal, bamboo boards etc.)
· Reducing dependency on forest resources for communities residing near Manas Tiger reserve.
· Employment generation amongst 500 poor families directly. Indirectly many more families would be impacted.
· Plantation of various varieties of bamboo on at-least 75 hectares of land.
· Creation of sustainable community based institutions which can be replicated by other communities for varied economic initiatives.
· The partner has made linkages with local markets as well as markets in metro cities for the sale of bamboo based products and has also started making products out of Arecanut leaves. This is not only increasing the biodiversity of the area but is also helpful in giving alternate livelihood options to the communities.

Project Activities:
· Establishment of Bibba nursery – Bibba nurseries of annual 20,000 saplings for two years in both clusters
· Selection of nursery growers & their training.
· Nursery site selection.
· Establishment of nursery
· Collection of Bibba seeds, potting mixture, soil, manure etc
· Making beds, sheds, bag filling etc
· Sowing of seeds
· After cares and irrigation

· Awareness programme – 20 training programmes will be arranged.
· Training of surveyors.
· Training of the farmers to establish nursery with modern techniques.
· Awareness campaign for Bibba plantation.
· Awareness programme aiming at collective efforts for assuring boidiversity conservation.
· Training programme of SHGs about methods of running SHGs, functioning and its effective use as working unit for processing.
· Training in formation of co-operative society to handle Bibba processing activity.
· Training in value added products of Bibba like Laddu, Katli, dryfruit of Bibba apple, etc.
· Training of the Bibba processors in marketing of Bibba products.

· Plantation – Plantation of 40000 Bibba saplings in 2 years on the available land (farm bunds,barren land, private n community land etc.)
· Selection of site,
· Permision of concerned department viz. GramPanchayat for barren government land & pasture land, Joint Forest Management Committee for reserved forest area.
· Liaison with National Rural Employment Guarantee, National Horticulture Mission, Social Forestry etc. agencies for technical and budgetary approval to take up activities stated in the plan.
· Plantation of 40000 Bibba saplings in 2 years on the available land.
· Aftercares of the plantation i.e. protection, irrigation etc.
· Setting up of mcahines for 3 months in one village to check its performance and then scaled upto other villages. Two machines will set up per villages.
· Crude methods are used to extract oil from Bibba. Solvent extraction based methods and indirect heating method throuh Parabolic Solar heater will be used to test the effectiveness agaist present mehtods.
· All the results will be documented and based on the results plant will established.
· Training and actual implementation of modern technology –
· After pilot programme in one villages, training on how to use new machines will be organized.
· Extension of this technology in other parts of Maharashtra i.e Jalana dsitrict, Nanded district and other parts of Aurangabad distircts – Total 5 places.
· Keep records of health benefits achieved by this method
· Establishment of oil extraction unit in project area - Arrangement of fund for oil extraction unit from DRDA, Department of Agriculture etc.Selection of site, construction of shed.
· Formation of co-operative and training.
· Establishment of an oil extraction machinery to extract BNSL.
· Testing of BNSL through proper agency.
· Oil production and its marketing.
· Marketing of Bibba and its products –
-Bibba is traditional NTFP in the area and market is well established through middlemen and other traders. But this has created an issue of monetary explotation of these women. The market related interventions will try to reduce this exploitation.
-30 SHGs will be identified for Bibba processing which will act as basic working unit of project. A cooperative society of these Bibba procesors will be formed to handle Bibba processing and marketing activities.
SHG cooperative will undertake marketing of the bibba. Registration of co-operative society and training of the members.
Preservation and storage structures will be established.Value added products of Bibba will be made by SHGs and marketed.
· Linkages will be formed with traders in aurangabad and other cities for marketting of products.

Output:
· Planned plantation of Bibba, thus enriching biodiversity of the area.
· Protection of forest over 500 ha & plantation of 40,000 saplings through community involvement on 83 ha.
· Increase in rate of processing of Bibba nuts by 50% through newer technique of processing. Improved rate of processing resulting in increase in annual income of rural poor.
· Improved social status of 80 - 100 families engaged in Bibba processing.
· Community organisation & institution building through SHGs & Co-operative.
· Developing a replicable model of Bibba processing with newer technique through community organisation.

Project Objective:
· Promotion of tested, piloted Organic Farming techniques on a large scale.
· Popularize and create a market for Organic Produce among the Consumers and Traders.
· Create responsive quality testing of produce and to ensure better price and recognition as an Organic product.
· Prove authenticity of composts and bio-pesticides among new farmers willing to adopt organic farming.

Project Activities:
· Awareness generation and training programmes on organic farming
· Formation of SHGs, local farmers group and farmer’s federation
· Introduction to alternatives & benefits of organic farming
· Strengthening of SHGs and farmers federation
· Training on management of biotic and abiotic stresses
· Linkage with markets for products sale.

Project outputs:
· Long-term relationship developed to work with Agricultural Institutions and other Technical departments in the state and country. (Governmental and Private).
· Disseminations and capacity building of practices, techniques on to a wider area covering 50 villages at different sites.
· Application of Practices on wider-range of crops ie. Horticulture, vegetables and grains. Develop a community-owned; village based marketing arrangements for transportation, packaging and marketing of the organic Products. Ensure proper quality testing and certification of bio-pesticides, composts as quality products for better markets.
· IEC materials developed and documentation of the technologies, practices and techniques, i.e. Calendars, Posters etc.
· Consumer awareness with respect to food commodities grown organically through fairs, Exhibitions and in other social gatherings.
· Responsive Organization Staff, systems and Practices. Systems of monitoring, training and feedback such as Management and Information (MIS) developed within the agency
· On 50 hac of land, range of organic farming and biopesticides practices are being adopted by 400 farmers in Solan and Sirmour districts of Himachal Pradesh
· There has been annual saving of Rs. 10,00,000 by farmers, due to low input cost –use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
· In the year 2006-07 and 2007-08, 1193 quintals of off season vegetables and 550 quintals of grains cultivated by farmers, without using chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

12.SRUJAN “Society for Rural and Urban Joint Activities,
Post Box Number - 1,
Pandharkawada – 445 302, Taluka: Kelapur,
District: Yavatmal, Maharashtra
09371136429, kolamian@gamil.com
Duration of the project :24 months

Restoration of Forest to Ensure Survival of Kolam - a Primitive tribe

Goal of the project:
a. Forest restoration
b. Food and Nutrition Security.
c. Initiating advocacy by strengthening the study group on threatened Tribal Group.

Project Outputs:
· Formulating forest restoration plans for eight villages.
· Providing community protection to 1000 hectares of forest and to undertake plantation of 60,000 saplings on 100 hectares. (farm land, village common lands and on forest)
· Backyard kitchen garden of vegetables, medicinal plants and fruit trees for 80 families.
· Livestock management-training to 16 livestock health workers.
· Construction of 16 appropriate storage structures of food grains and NTFPs.

Community participation:
The project proposes to use participatory methods for developing forest conservation plans at the village level to bring back ownership value within the community. Advocacy using new legal instrument like Forest Rights act and Biodiversity Act would also help to increase communities’ participation.

Institutional Sustainability:
The project focuses to strengthen existing institutional structures like Jat Panchayat, SHGs and Youth group, which are very active and have got license for Mahua trading.

Replicability of the project:
The project has prioritized on non economic livelihood related needs of primitive tribe-Kolam. Forest is their main means of survival and the project seeks to revitalize this lost resource. It can be effectively replicated to other areas.